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Smart Home Explained

Published on : 17, Jan 2020

Smart Homes

A Smart Home is a kind of home where different electrical appliances can be controlled using smartphones, computers or voice/gesture commands. A person doesn't need to physically interact with the device to operate it.


Smart Homes: A Historical Overview

The technology was actually developed by IBM and was said to be a failure. The first smart home product that was available for the customers was between 1998 and the early 2000s. Different technologies emerged and were slowly integrated into the homes. In 1999 Disney made a movie called ‘Smart House’ and showed how smart technologies made life easy. Disney proved to be visionary in the part of the movie where the house’s intelligent control unit development.


Introduction to Smart Homes

Smart Home is a combination of technology and services through a network for better quality living. You could quiet all of the worries at your fingertips using your smartphone, tablet or using voice in your smart home as these devices are interconnected through the internet and user can control functions such as security access to the home (eg. If you’re not in the house and want to see whether your kids are doing their homework or watching television you can easily see it using your smartphones or tablets), temperature, lighting, and electrical appliances.  It allows the entire home to be automated and therefore provides ease and convenience to everyday activities at home.  

Smart Home Appliances

  • Remote Control Dimmer Switches  and  Dimmable LEDs  

A popular lighting product that allows you to control the lighting levels, mood lighting, which helps in power saving, a great way to reduce energy bills, ensures the longevity of your lighting sources, helps in energy conservation and carbon emersion. It allows you to control the level of lighting from your smartphone, tablet or voice. 

Eg. You are having dinner and wish to have romantic lights. You can adjust it by controlling it through your smartphone.

  • Smart Thermostats 

It helps you save energy which is good for both the environment and your wallet. The coolest thing about thermostats is that they learn climate preferences such as if you like it warmer in the morning and even what times of day you’re at home and away. It works proactively to keep home at the most comfortable temperature and with high degree efficiency reducing energy consumption by 30% or more. It’s also beneficial as it alerts about the temperature in your home becoming excessively high or low, which could indicate a fire or a pipe freezing risk. They are connected to your home Wi-Fi network and are controlled by an associated app on your smartphone, tablet or voice.


Home Security & Safety

  • Smart Door Locks and Security cameras 

The lock allows a homeowner to access their home without the use of a key and allows them to enter the home with the use of numeric code, fingerprint or by using smartphones. Eg. In the case of a medical emergency, you can unlock the door at your fingertips no matter wherever you are.

Security cameras that allow a homeowner to easily set up and monitor their home from their smartphone or tablet. Eg Motion Detector Camera which has the ability to detect and capture photos and share it on our smartphones in real-time.

  • Smart Home Alarm Systems & Sensors 

People can buy door sensors to detect if someone is outside or door locks that can be monitored and potentially controlled from one's cell phone.

  • Smart Smoke Detectors 

Ability to communicate and pinpoint exactly where a fire is located. The nice thing about smoke detectors is its alarms and alerts to your phone so you can be aware of the situation even if you’re away from the house. It’s easy to silence them in the event of a false alarm. In addition, it detects carbon monoxide and alerts you in a human voice rather than making a loud alarm tone.

  • Smart Home Water Leak Sensors

Most unique smart home sensors have become popular over the years. These water leak sensors are placed on the floor with no wires and setup required and alert a homeowner when a water leak is detected.


Advantages and Disadvantages of Converting your Home into a Smart Home


  • All of your products will be programmed as per your convenience.
  • You can customize as many or as few of these products as you choose.
  • As mentioned above, smart homes are well-known for their improved security.
  • They are easy, quick and simple to install these systems.
  • Thermostats, air conditioning, and lighting can all be controlled for optimal energy efficiency as these products are environment-friendly.


  • Even though the smart home has great benefits though they come at a higher cost.
  • There may be some learning curve for non-expert people.
  • Smart homes are reliant on your internet connection.


Future scope of Smart Homes

Future homes will be able to offer almost all the required services, e.g., communication, medical, energy, utility, entertainment, and security. In future data will be communicated between device and human without relying on manual inputs. In future computers can find data automatically and can be used to change aspects of the home environment. Eg, a smart thermostat that is able to automatically measure the temperature of a room and then adjust the central heating. The future healthcare service provider will consider the smart home an effective way of providing remote healthcare services, especially to the elderly and disabled who do not require intensive healthcare support. As technologies continue to advance, you can expect the house of tomorrow to be even more automated than that of today. 


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